She insisted

Wilma Glodean Rudolph, Visionary

By Keisha Bell

There comes a time when you see something that is worth fighting for and you have a choice to make. She insisted.

Meet Wilma Glodean Rudolph, a world-class sprinter who became known in the 1960s as “the fastest woman in history.” Rudolph is the first American woman to win three gold medals in a single Olympiad. In addition, she is the first woman invited to compete at the Melrose Games. Rudolph was born June 23, 1940, and died November 12, 1994.

After the 1960 Rome Olympics and after completing a post-games European tour, Rudolph returned to her hometown of Clarksville, Tenn., which held a full day of activities to celebrate “Welcome Wilma Day” on October 4, 1960. Because she staunchly insisted, her homecoming parade and banquet became the first fully integrated municipal event in Clarksville’s history.

Wilma Glodean Rudolph, VisionaryRudolph was at the height of her track career when she made a decision that shocked many. The reigning world record-holder in the 100-meter, 200-meter and 4 x 100-meter-relay events, the winner of seven national AAU sprint titles, the women’s indoor track record-holder in the 60-yard dash and the winner of the 100-meter and 4 x 100-meter-relay races at a U.S.–Soviet meet at Stanford University in 1962, retired from track competition at the young age of 22. She wanted to go out on top and she did.

Rudolph’s work of running around the track had been completed. She shifted her focus to continuing her education at Tennessee State University. There, she became a member of Delta Sigma Theta sorority. In 1963, Rudolph earned a bachelor’s degree in elementary education. During that same year, she became a goodwill ambassador for the U.S State Department and traveled to West Africa.

Upon returning home, Rudolph participated in a civil rights protest in her hometown of Clarksville to desegregate one of the city’s restaurants. Again Rudolph, and others, insisted. It did not take long before the mayor announced that the city’s public facilities, including its restaurants, would become fully integrated.

Rudolph was born premature, in poverty and in the racially segregated South. As a child, she frequently suffered from illnesses, including pneumonia and scarlet fever. She even contracted infantile paralysis caused by the poliovirus.

Although Rudolph recovered from polio, she lost strength in her left leg and had to wear a brace. Her parents traveled about 50 miles weekly for two years to the historically black Meharry Medical College in Nashville for treatments because there was little medical care available to African-American residents of Clarksville in the 1940s.

Keisha Bell

Keisha Bell

Her family members also gave her at-home massage treatments four times a day and she wore an orthopedic shoe for support of her foot for another two years until she was able to overcome the debilitating effects of polio. By age 12, Rudolph learned to walk without a leg brace or orthopedic shoe for support.

It is easy to forget because of all of her success that Rudolph lost her first major track event. She became pregnant during her senior year of high school. A few weeks prior to enrolling at Tennessee State University, Rudolph gave birth to her first child.

Like all of our lives, Rudolph’s life provides examples of both struggle and strength. From birth she overcame obstacles. Why? Because she insisted. Are you insisting?

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